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centos6.5系统下mysql-community-server安装教程

作者:bbsvs 时间:2017-06-03

这篇文章主要是详细介绍centos6.5系统下mysql-community-server安装教程

使用下面的命令检查是否安装有MySQL Server

[root@localhost etc]# rpm -qa | grep mysql // 这个命令就会查看该操作系统上是否已经安装了mysql数据库
   有的话,我们就通过 rpm -e 命令 或者 rpm -e --nodeps 命令来卸载掉


[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e mysql  // 普通删除模式
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps mysql  // 强力删除模式,如果使用上面命令删除时,提示有依赖的其它文

件,则用该命令可以对其进行强力删除

   在删除完以后我们可以通过 rpm -qa | grep mysql 命令来查看mysql是否已经卸载成功!!

官网yum repository 下载安装包


[root@localhost ~]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm
 --2017-04-24 18:53:49-- http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm
Resolving dev.mysql.com... 137.254.60.11
Connecting to dev.mysql.com|137.254.60.11|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 301 Moved Permanently
Location: https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm [following]
--2017-04-24 18:53:49-- https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm
Connecting to dev.mysql.com|137.254.60.11|:443... connected.
ERROR: certificate common name “www.mysql.com” doesn't match requested host name “dev.mysql.com”.
To connect to dev.mysql.com insecurely, use ‘--no-check-certificate'

本地安装下载下来的rpm包

[root@localhost ~]# yum localinstall mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Setting up Local Package Process
Examining mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm: mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch
Marking mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch.rpm to be installed
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.cn99.com
 * extras: mirrors.cn99.com
 * updates: mirrors.cn99.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql57-community-release.noarch 0:el6-10 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
Dependencies Resolved
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                      Arch              Version              Repository                             Size
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mysql57-community-release             noarch             el6-10               /mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch              30 k
Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install    1 Package(s)
Total size: 30 k
Installed size: 30 k
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
 Installing : mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch                                   1/1
 Verifying : mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch                                     1/1
Installed:
 mysql57-community-release.noarch 0:el6-10                          
Complete!

  查看可用的安装包 

[root@localhost ~]# yum repolist enabled|grep mysql
mysql-connectors-community      MySQL Connectors Community       33
mysql-tools-community        MySQL Tools Community          47
mysql57-community          MySQL 5.7 Community Server       183

安装前装gcc所有包,防止报错[Errno -1]  Package does not match intended download

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install gcc* 

安装mysql

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install -y mysql-community-server 
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.cn99.com
 * extras: mirrors.cn99.com
 * updates: mirrors.cn99.com
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql-community-server.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: mysql-community-common(x86-64) = 5.7.18-1.el6 for package: mysql-community-server-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: mysql-community-client(x86-64) >= 5.7.9 for package: mysql-community-server-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql-community-client.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: mysql-community-libs(x86-64) >= 5.7.9 for package: mysql-community-client-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64
---> Package mysql-community-common.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql-community-libs.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6 will be obsoleting
---> Package mysql-libs.x86_64 0:5.1.71-1.el6 will be obsoleted
--> Processing Dependency: libmysqlclient.so.16()(64bit) for package: 2:postfix-2.6.6-2.2.el6_1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libmysqlclient.so.16(libmysqlclient_16)(64bit) for package: 2:postfix-2.6.6-2.2.el6_1.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql-community-libs-compat.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6 will be obsoleting
---> Package postfix.x86_64 2:2.6.6-2.2.el6_1 will be updated
---> Package postfix.x86_64 2:2.6.6-8.el6 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
Dependencies Resolved
=============================================================================================================================
 Package                 Arch        Version           Repository           Size
=============================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mysql-community-libs          x86_64       5.7.18-1.el6         mysql57-community       2.1 M
   replacing mysql-libs.x86_64 5.1.71-1.el6
 mysql-community-libs-compat       x86_64       5.7.18-1.el6         mysql57-community       1.6 M
   replacing mysql-libs.x86_64 5.1.71-1.el6
 mysql-community-server         x86_64       5.7.18-1.el6         mysql57-community       152 M
Installing for dependencies:
 mysql-community-client         x86_64       5.7.18-1.el6         mysql57-community       23 M
 mysql-community-common         x86_64       5.7.18-1.el6         mysql57-community       328 k
Updating for dependencies:
 postfix                 x86_64       2:2.6.6-8.el6        base             2.0 M
Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================
Install    5 Package(s)
Upgrade    1 Package(s)
Total size: 180 M
Total download size: 152 M
Downloading Packages:
mysql-community-server-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64.rpm                            | 152 MB   01:41  
warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
Importing GPG key 0x5072E1F5:
 Userid : MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>
 Package: mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch (@/mysql57-community-release-el6-10.noarch)
 From  : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
 Installing : mysql-community-common-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                1/8
 Installing : mysql-community-libs-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                 2/8
 Installing : mysql-community-libs-compat-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                              3/8
 Installing : mysql-community-client-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                4/8
 Installing : mysql-community-server-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                5/8
 Updating  : 2:postfix-2.6.6-8.el6.x86_64                                       6/8
 Cleanup  : 2:postfix-2.6.6-2.2.el6_1.x86_64                                     7/8
 Erasing  : mysql-libs-5.1.71-1.el6.x86_64                                      8/8
 Verifying : 2:postfix-2.6.6-8.el6.x86_64                                       1/8
 Verifying : mysql-community-libs-compat-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                              2/8
 Verifying : mysql-community-server-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                3/8
 Verifying : mysql-community-libs-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                 4/8
 Verifying : mysql-community-common-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                5/8
 Verifying : mysql-community-client-5.7.18-1.el6.x86_64                                6/8
 Verifying : 2:postfix-2.6.6-2.2.el6_1.x86_64                                     7/8
 Verifying : mysql-libs-5.1.71-1.el6.x86_64                                      8/8
Installed:
 mysql-community-libs.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6         mysql-community-libs-compat.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6       
 mysql-community-server.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6       
Dependency Installed:
 mysql-community-client.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6         mysql-community-common.x86_64 0:5.7.18-1.el6        
Dependency Updated:
 postfix.x86_64 2:2.6.6-8.el6                                               
Replaced:
 mysql-libs.x86_64 0:5.1.71-1.el6                        
Complete!

启动mysql

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# service mysqld start  
Initializing MySQL database:                [ OK ]
Installing validate password plugin:            [ OK ]
Starting mysqld:

  进入mysql安全模式

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# killall -TERM mysqld
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
[1] 40422
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 2017-04-25T07:45:39.222061Z mysqld_safe Logging to '/var/log/mysqld.log'.
2017-04-25T07:45:39.246117Z mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql
mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.18 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
  
mysql> use mysql
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A
Database changed
mysql> select * from users;
ERROR 1146 (42S02): Table 'mysql.users' doesn't exist
mysql> select * from user;
mysql> update user set authentication_string=PASSWORD('mysql') where user='root';
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 1
mysql> quit
Bye
[2]+ Exit 1         mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables
  
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# service mysqld start
Starting mysqld:                      [ OK ]
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5
Server version: 5.7.18 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql -h主机地址 -u用户名 -p用户密码

1、例1:连接到本机上的MYSQL

   找到mysql的安装目录,一般可以直接键入命令mysql -uroot -p,回车后提示你输密码,如果刚安装好MYSQL,超级用户root是没有密码的,故直接回车即可进入到MYSQL中

了,MYSQL的提示符是:mysql>

2、连接到远程主机上的MYSQL

   假设远程主机的IP为:10.0.0.1,用户名为root,密码为123。则键入以下命令:

mysql -h10.0.0.1 -uroot -p123

  (注:u与root可以不用加空格,其它也一样)

配置防火墙

防火墙的3306端口默认没有开启,若要远程访问,需要开启这个端口

打开/etc/sysconfig/iptables

在“-A INPUT –m state --state NEW –m tcp –p tcp –dport 22 –j ACCEPT”,下添加:

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT

然后保存,并关闭该文件,在终端内运行下面的命令,刷新防火墙配置:

service iptables restart OK,一切配置完毕,你可以访问你的MySQL了~

注意:增加的开放3306端口的语句一定要在icmp-host-prohibited之前


mysql -uroot -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.18 MySQL Community Server (GPL)


Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的centos 6.5下 mysql-community-server. 5.7.18-1.el6安装


TAG:
安装   centos